A holistic approach to caring for your aging skin

We’ve come to accept the signs of skin aging – wrinkles and expression lines, droopy eyelids, age spots, dark circles, dry skin, enlarged pores, sagging skin, and more (lucky us!) – as an inevitability.  Fortunately, the science of aging has advanced at a remarkable rate in recent years, providing tremendous insight into the causes of and effective solutions for our aging skin.

Numerous studies have identified five major causes of skin aging:

  1. Mitochondrial decay
  2. Inflammation
  3. Oxidative (free-radical induced) damage
  4. Depletion of cellular components, such as collagen and elastin
  5. Adverse external factors

In light of this, it would make sense that your skincare regimen be equipped to combat all causes of skin aging – especially the leading cause, mitochondrial decay – through a comprehensive, holistic approach.  Many anti-aging skincare products contain some combination of common ingredients, such as peptides, antioxidants, and hyaluronic acid, but they don’t stand up to all causes of skin aging simultaneously.  Neglecting even one cause renders the entire approach significantly less effective.  You wouldn’t go into battle with a hole in your armor, would you?

We understand that the condition of our skin as we age, whether we retain our young and healthy look, is influenced in part by genetics and also by environmental factors, which is fantastic if you’ve been blessed with good genes.  But while you can’t control the former, the good news for everyone is that you can control your exposure to adverse external factors, such as the sun, pollution, smoking and poor nutrition.  Avoiding these, while maintaining a conscientious skincare regimen that addresses all causes of skin aging, are easy steps you can take to control your skin’s aging process.

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Theories of aging: What you need to know

A recent article published by DailyBeauty explored five well-known theories of aging: inflammation, lifestyle, hormones, antioxidants, and detoxification. Though all are worthy of discussion, perhaps the most important theory, mitochondrial decay, was not mentioned. This dark horse in the race against skin aging – and indeed aging more generally – deserves the attention of women who are motivated to look and feel their very best at every age.

The mechanism of aging has long been an area of intensive research, and although a number of theories have been proposed, mitochondrial decay has widely become regarded as the leading cause of skin aging.

The concept may sound complicated, but it is surprisingly simple. Mitochondria are the energy-producing organelle of every cell. Cells make up every organ and all living cells have mitochondria. In fact, there are thousands of mitochondria per cell. Their primary job is to generate ATP, or fuel, through various energy cycles that involve nutrients and vitamins. ATP is needed for every movement, thought and action we make, yet very little ATP can be stored in the body.

In the natural process of oxidation (turning oxygen into energy), the mitochondria generate free radicals – highly reactive, unstable molecules that cause damage to healthy cells, leading to internal aging as well as the appearance of visible signs of external aging. As we age, the mitochondria become larger, less efficient and fewer in number. As such, ATP production declines and may eventually lead to cell death.

As organs cannot borrow energy from one another, the efficiency of each organ’s mitochondria is essential to its repair processes and functions. If an organ’s mitochondria fail, then so does that organ. The skin is the largest organ in the body, so the enhancement and protection of actual mitochondrial function is instrumental in preventing and slowing skin aging.